Category: Miscellaneous

Book Recommendations

Books flow through our lives, year after year. What we read defines what we think, and vice versa. Our thinking changes probably more as a result of encountering new ideas and arguments, and less as a result of genuine insight and internal processing. Today, even the idea of a book is in transition: books become electronic files, and many of them have short life-spans. Our attention spans become shorter as well. Books compete with websites and magazines that report news and interpret them for us, like the New York Times, the New Yorker Magazine, the London Review of Books, or...


This website brings a philosophical perspective to current events and trends. What are the visions we have for our collective future? How do we balance humanity with technological progress? What is humanity in the first place? What do we mean by “nature,” and how do we relate to the nature around us, as well as to our own nature? I created this website to bring together different interests, reflect on my own traditions, and pursue these big questions. I am a psychotherapist, and I teach philosophy in the Bay Area of San Francisco. I grew up in Bavaria, Germany.


You may have noticed that this website has no advertising. It will also remain ad-free in the future. The website will reach approximately 200,000 unique visitors in 2017, with a yearly traffic growth rate of 20% or more. You can help to cover the costs by making a small donation. If you like this website and find it stimulating to browse through its more than 600 posts and pages, please consider making a modest gift. I appreciate every donation, because I know it comes from the heart. You will support philosophical education that guides the reader through traditional texts and offers a critical perspective on...

Copyright Notice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share-Alike 4.0 International License. This means that all material on this website is covered by a Creative Commons License. You are free to: Share – copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you adhere to the following license terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you...

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If your transaction did not go through, please try “Offline Donation” or contact me directly at braungardt at gmail dot com. Thank you!  

Quotes from this Website

Let others do the thinking…. “From this story it may be seen what the nature of true storytelling is. The value of information does not survive the moment in which it was new. It lives only at that moment; it has to surrender to it completely and explain itself to it without losing any time. A story is different. It does not expend itself. It preserves and concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it even after a long time.”   ― Walter Benjamin, Illuminations: Essays And Reflections “To religion would belong the task of consolation, not of demonstration.” Levinas “. ....


This page allows you to navigate the site in various ways.

The History of this Website

January 2019 The modern version of “revolution” is “disruption,” and disruption becomes the default mode of operation in our global society. Everything is increasingly interconnected, but the direction of change is not easily discernible. Website Changes in 2018 The effects of this transformative flow of technology and communication can be seen on this website: it became almost obsolete, even though it went through a major transformation in 2018 and got more bandwidth and better technology. It has a new web server, a new hosting provider, and a new domain name. There was a major design overhaul in order to make...

Useful Websites

This collection of links contains content-rich websites for orientation and research. I try to keep the list short. If we think of knowledge as space, its’ topology is transforming rapidly in terms of density, complexity, connectedness, and new forms of representation. We can “map” information and its flows; the picture on the left shows a recent map of the Internet.

About Me

I was born and grew up in Coburg, Germany. I attended the Gymnasium Ernestinum, from the 5th to the 13th grade.  From 1979 to 1987 I studied psychology and German literature in at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. In 1986, I received a Masters Degree in philosophy from the Munich School of Philosophy, which is one the of European Jesuit Universities.  In 1988 I moved to Berkeley, California, and eventually became an American citizen. I continued my studies in psychology, philosophy, and theology in 1993, and was licensed as a psychotherapist in the State of California in 2000. In 2001, I received...