Category: Phenomenology


Phenomenology is a movement in the early 20th century German philosophy that describes the structure of the objects of awareness and of consciousness itself. The phenomenological method has its early roots in Kant’s distinction between “noumena” and “phenomena,” things as they are in themselves, and things as they appear to us. The philosopher who started the movement was Edmund Husserl with his book “Logical Investigations,” published in 1900/1901. Phenomenology is a method that includes and uses the subjective consciousness in the description of phenomena, and it is careful in making any claims concerning the existence of what appears to us...

Edmund Husserl: The Crisis of European Sciences. 1937

LET US GO BACK to the times in which modern man and the modern philosopher still believed in themselves and in a philosophy, when, in the context of the transcendental motivation, they struggled for a new philosophy with the responsible seriousness of an inner, absolute calling that one senses in every word of the genuine philosopher, Even after the so-called collapse of the Hegelian philosophy, in which the line of development determined by Kant culminated, this seriousness remained intact for a time in the philosophies reacting against Hegel

Maurice Merleau-Ponty: The Structure of Behavior. 1942

Source: The Structure of Behavior, published by Beacon Press, 1967. I am quoting some passages from the introduction and the conclusion. Introduction: The problem of the relations of consciousness and nature Our goal is to understand the relations of consciousness and nature: organic, psychological or even social. By nature we understand here a multiplicity of events external to each other and bound together by relations of causality. With respect to physical nature, critical thought brings a well-known solution to this problem: reflection reveals that physical analysis is ‘not a decomposition into real elements and that causality in its actual meaning...