Tagged: Africa

Fanon: The Pitfalls of National Consciousness. 1961

This is an excerpt from Frantz Fanon: The Wretched of the Earth, 1961, Chapter 3. HISTORY teaches us clearly that the battle against colonialism does not run straight away along the lines of nationalism. For a very long time the native devotes his energies to ending certain definite abuses: forced labour, corporal punishment, inequality of salaries, limitation of political rights, etc. This fight for democracy against the oppression of mankind will slowly leave the confusion of neo-liberal universalism to emerge, sometimes laboriously, as a claim to nationhood. It so happens that the unpreparedness of the educated classes, the lack of practical...

Fanon: Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight for Freedom

Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, 1959 Source: Reproduced from Wretched of the Earth (1959) publ. Pelican. Speech to Congress of Black African Writers. Here is the text: Colonial domination, because it is total and tends to over-simplify, very soon manages to disrupt in spectacular fashion the cultural life of a conquered people. This cultural obliteration is made possible by the negation of national reality, by new legal relations introduced by the occupying power, by the banishment of the natives and their customs to outlying districts by colonial society, by expropriation, and by the systematic...

Development in Africa

The development of Africa is an under-rated success story at the beginning of the 21st century. It has economic growth rates above 5% for the last 15 years, and it is modernizing at a fast pace. In 2015, the continent has 1.2 billion people, living in 54 different countries. The borders for most of these countries were drawn during the era of European colonialism, which already explains much of the political instability in the 20th century. Most people also don’t understand how large the continent is: It covers the same surface as the United States, China, India – and the whole of Europe,...

Historical Timeline for Africa

The following historical timeline for Africa is adapted from: The African Experience. From “Lucy” to Mandela. By: Kenneth P. Vickery. Teaching Company, 2007. c. 4–3 million B.C Emergence of Australopithecus, possibly the first in the hominid line of evolution, culminating in modern humans in East/Southern Africa. c. 1.5 million B.C Emergence of Homo erectus in Africa, definitely a human ancestor. c. 100,000 B.C Emergence of Homo sapiens, “wise human,” in Africa. c. 40,000 B.C Emergence of Homo sapiens sapiens, fully modern humans, in Africa. c. 5000 B.C. to A.D. 1000 (depending on region) Closing of Late Stone Age, opening of...