Tagged: Colonialism

Fanon: The Pitfalls of National Consciousness. 1961

This is an excerpt from Frantz Fanon: The Wretched of the Earth, 1961, Chapter 3. HISTORY teaches us clearly that the battle against colonialism does not run straight away along the lines of nationalism. For a very long time the native devotes his energies to ending certain definite abuses: forced labour, corporal punishment, inequality of salaries, limitation of political rights, etc. This fight for democracy against the oppression of mankind will slowly leave the confusion of neo-liberal universalism to emerge, sometimes laboriously, as a claim to nationhood. It so happens that the unpreparedness of the educated classes, the lack of practical...

Fanon: Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight for Freedom

Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, 1959 Source: Reproduced from Wretched of the Earth (1959) publ. Pelican. Speech to Congress of Black African Writers. Here is the text: Colonial domination, because it is total and tends to over-simplify, very soon manages to disrupt in spectacular fashion the cultural life of a conquered people. This cultural obliteration is made possible by the negation of national reality, by new legal relations introduced by the occupying power, by the banishment of the natives and their customs to outlying districts by colonial society, by expropriation, and by the systematic...