Tagged: Religion

The Roots of Religion

Thanks to modern science, we now know more about religious history than ever: Scientific archaeology began in the 18th century, and since then excavators have been discovering and interpreting evidence, ranging from tiny goddess figurines carved from mammoth ivory to entire sacred landscapes, such as at the Giza plateau in Egypt. The archeological evidence enhances and corrects our knowledge derived from books and other preserved objects. Ancient graves, statues, temples, stones, sacrificial offerings, or places of initiation – they all express the universal human search for spiritual power and understanding. Archaeology provides evidence that is very different from historical writings like the Bible or...

Western Mysticism – A Timeline

This page covers people and movements in the tradition of Western mysticism, from the early Greek period to about 1700. It is arranged chronologically, and it’s purpose is to give a short overview of Western mysticism with links to other websites. As much as possible, I try to link to the etexts for the mystical writings of these authors. The original version of this page was created a while ago by Bruce B. Janz from the University of Central Florida “for the free use of scholars and students of mysticism.” I could not find his original version on the Internet anymore, but the credit for...

What are religious texts?

Before we can say what religious texts are, we have to define the concept of religion.  The idea of a “religious text” is already an interpretation, unless one just says that the text in question is central to a particular tradition of faith.  Texts like the Torah, the Bible, or the Vedas “anchor” religions, because they are considered to be the word of God, or based on divine inspiration, and as such the text itself can sometimes considered to be sacred. Here are some of the oldest known religious texts: Pyramid texts of Ancient Egypt,  2400-2300 BCE. The Sumerian Temple...

Phänomenologie des Geistes, Kapitel VIII: Das absolute Wissen

Das absolute Wissen ist das lezte Kapitel in Hegels Buch Phänomenologie des Geistes,  welches 1807 veröffentlicht wurde. “Der Geist der offenbaren Religion hat sein Bewußtsein als solches noch nicht überwunden, oder, was dasselbe ist, sein wirkliches Selbstbewußtsein ist nicht der Gegenstand seines Bewußtseins; er selbst überhaupt und die in ihm sich unterscheidenden Momente fallen in das Vorstellen und in die Form der Gegenständlichkeit. Der Inhalt des Vorstellens ist der absolute Geist; und es ist allein noch um das Aufheben dieser bloßen Form zu tun, oder vielmehr weil sie dem Bewußtsein als solchem angehört, muß ihre Wahrheit schon in den Gestaltungen desselben sich ergeben haben. –...