Category: Artists

Josef Koudelka: Photos from the Underside of Europe

Josef Koudelka, a Czech photographer, was born in Moravia, Czechoslovakia, in 1938. He began to take photographs as a student in the 1950s. He started a career as an aeronautical engineer in 1961; during that time he began photographing Gypsies. He also worked part-time taking photos of theater performances in Prague. In 1967, he became a full-time photographer. In 1968, Koudelka documented the Soviet invasion of Prague, publishing his photographs under the initials P. P. (Prague Photographer) for fear of reprisal to him and his family. In 1969, he was anonymously awarded the Overseas Press Club’s Robert Capa, Gold Medal,...

Caspar David Friedrich

Caspar David Friedrich was born in 1774 in Greifswald, Germany, and died in 1840 Dresden, Germany. Introduction He was a painter of German Romanticism, and created landscape paintings with enormous intensity.He said: “God is everywhere, in the smallest grain of sand.” The sculptor Pierre-Jean David d’Angers wrote about him: “Caspar David Friedrich was the sole landscape painter who…had the power to move every part of my soul, the one who created a new genre: the tragedy of landscape.” Friedrich aimed to produce a Christian art based in nature, divested of standard biblical imagery. Initially, he painted in sepia. In 1807...

Banksy

The New Activist is a truth seeker: someone who has left the introvert schisms of the old world behind. The new activist is like a sniffer dog detecting power strategies and corruption, without hesitation. Banksy is the prototype.

Paul Klee

Paul Klee has an exquisite sense of color and form. During  trip to Tunisia in 1914 he was so overwhelmed by the colors and the light, that he later wrote “Color has taken possession of me….color and I are one. I am a painter“ The following biography of Klee is quoted  from the Webmuseum website. Biography “A Swiss-born painter and graphic artist whose personal, often gently humorous works are replete with allusions to dreams, music, and poetry, Paul Klee, b. Dec. 18, 1879, d. June 29, 1940, is difficult to classify. Primitive art, surrealism, cubism, and children’s art all seem...

Hans Bellmer

Hans Bellmer, 1902-1975. The following description of his life and work is quoted from: Peter Webb, Grove Art Online, Oxford University Press, 2009. Life and Work “German photographer, sculptor, printmaker, painter and writer. As a child he developed fear and hatred for his tyrannical father, who totally dominated his gentle and affectionate mother. He and his younger brother Fritz found refuge from this oppressive family atmosphere in a secret garden decorated with toys and souvenirs and visited by young girls who joined in sexual games. In 1923 Bellmer was sent by his father to study engineering at the Technische Hochschule...

Caravaggio

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1573-1610). Probably the most revolutionary artist of his time, the Italian painter Caravaggio abandoned the rules that had guided a century of artists before him. They had idealized the human and religious experience. Caravaggio’s paintings combine realistic observations of humans with a dramatic use of lighting.  He had a formative influence on the Baroque painting. He was born Michelangelo Merisi on Sept. 28, 1573, in Caravaggio, Italy. As an adult, he would become known by the name of his birthplace. Orphaned at age 11, he was apprenticed to the painter Simone Peterzano of Milan for four...

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp challenges our notion of art as something idealistic. Here is a quote about him from the Wikipedia: Marcel Duchamp (1887 – 1968)  was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements. Considered by some to be one of the most important artists of the 20th century, Duchamp’s output influenced the development of post-World War I Western art. He advised modern art collectors, such as Peggy Guggenheim and other prominent figures, thereby helping to shape the tastes of Western art during this period. Duchamp challenged conventional thought about artistic processes and art marketing, not so much by writing, but through subversive...